But topic selection even precedes this starting point. We collected the most unhacked and powerful ideas to turn the average piece of writing into a compelling research paper.
Bob Harbort and Bob Brown College of Computing and Software Engineering Kennesaw State University Students are sometimes confused about the proper mix of original work and the work with citations of others that is appropriate in academic writing assignments.
This can lead to problems ranging from a bad grade on the assignment to a charge of plagiarism. In the example below, we consider in detail an example of a properly written paragraph from an actual student paper used with the permission of its author on technical aspects of HIPAA, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
This is only a general guide to good academic writing; the format shown is similar to the the APA reference format. Each student should make sure College student research papers understand the instructor's specific requirements in any specific writing assignment.
The general rule is that you use citations, and, when quiting, quotation marks in the body text of your work to show where you have used the words and ideas of others. You provide references at the end of the work to allow others to find the information you used.
The differences for different classes will be in the form by which you show this information, not in whether to include it. For every in-text citation, there should be a reference entry. For every reference entry, there should be at least one in-text citation. Here is the example paragraph; the references cited in it are included below the paragraph: The HIPAA rules provide for civil and criminal penalties for misuse or disclosure of protected health information.
There may also be a right of individual action if a covered entity fails to comply with its own published notices of information practices Christiansen, These common practices establish a standard of care against which health care institutions will likely be measured.
Health care institutions must not assume that compliance with the HIPAA security rule will automatically offer the protections needed for compliance with the privacy rule. Introductory sentence written by the student: Sentence containing a specific fact, with the source of the fact cited: Direct quote from another source, marked with quotation marks and with the source cited: Original work by the student giving an interpretation of the information so far: Another sentence containing a specific fact, with the source of the fact cited.
The paragraph of text includes facts and quotes always explicitly marked from appropriate external sources, as well as original writing by the student giving a specific interpretation of the material.
Both parts are essential. The proper use of external sources indicates that the student has become familiar with the subject and with what other people are saying about it.
The contributions by the student demonstrate that this is not just a collection of other people's ideas, it also contains an element of organization of the outside ideas and an original interpretation of them to support the student's research thesis.
Now let's look at the references: In this case, the document has a corporate author, the name of a law firm. This includes the names of the authors, the date of publication, the location or origin of the published material, and any specifics needed to locate the item within a larger collection.
The exact format of the bibliography entries in any specific case is determined by the requirements set out by the teacher who made the writing assignment.
In summary, a good piece of academic writing should include material from external sources, used in enough depth to demonstrate that the student has become familiar with the subject, and with any direct use of another's words either marked with quotes or offset from the rest of the text; original writing and organization of concepts by the student, to demonstrate the student's organization and interpretation of ideas; proper and complete citations to the external sources used, to show their suitability to the topic and allow an interested person to find them for further study.
The student who produces an assignment which includes these components, subject to the specific style and formatting requirements of the instructor, will have achieved mastery of the material, and demonstrated that mastery to the instructor.
The creation of this document involved several rounds of editing and benefited from critical comments by the authors' colleagues. The same is true of the student paper from which the example is taken.College Research Paper Example.
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According to the American Institutes for Research. A student cannot overestimate the importance of expert research and writing skills in the pursuit of a degree. It all starts with a college application, where they expect you to present yourself and point out what makes you worth being taken in.
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