Causes[ edit ] In understanding the effects of over-consumption, it is pertinent to understand what causes the phenomenon. There is a spectrum of goods and services that the world population constantly consume.
Department of Agriculture Overview The U. USDA duties range from helping farmers with price support subsidies, to inspecting food to ensure the safety of the American public.
The department seeks to expand overseas markets for U. USDA farm subsidies have been the subject of much controversy for decades as critics say the assistance is distributed unevenly and manipulates the agricultural market.
The department has also come under scrutiny for its failure to adequately protect American consumers from tainted foods that are not processed properly at slaughterhouses and other facilities. The current Secretary of Agriculture is Tom Vilsack.
The earliest precursor to the U. InPresident Abraham Lincoln created the U. Growing up on a farm, Lincoln was a strong advocate for homesteading, railroad expansion, and land grants to fund agricultural and engineering colleges.
He often praised technological advancements in agriculture, such as using horse-drawn machines instead of manual labor and the potential usefulness of steam plows.
Ina case of imported animals that had been identified as diseased livestock prompted Congress to pass an act to quarantine imported animals.
Congress passed the act, but gave regulation duties to the Treasury Department, which did little to fix the problem. As a result, veterinarians and ranchers pushed for a more regulated solution.
Soon foreign markets began placing restrictions on U. Both agencies were under the USDA umbrella. Inthe BAI also began inspecting eggs intended for use by the Navy, although there were no inspections of eggs for the general public until the Food and Drug Administration took on those duties in the s.
The Poultry Products Inspection Act was passed in to provide federal oversight of the rapidly growing poultry industry. During the s and s the focus on consumer protection and safety shifted from contaminated meat and food products to mislabeling and adulteration of products from chemical additives.
At that time, food inspections consisted primarily of visual evidence of contamination. Newer products created with more complex processing methods made in larger volumes caused new contamination concerns from pesticides, residue from drugs given to animals, and preservatives.
Inthe Food Additive Amendment was passed to address these safety concerns. The Wholesome Meat Act of amended federal laws to require states to conduct more adequate inspections of meat to raise quality standards. If the state could not create one, the federal system would be applied. Inthe Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service was established to handle the regulatory responsibilities of the Agriculture and Research Service.
In an outbreak of E. This change made held industry accountable for producing safe food, and the government responsible for establishing safe food standards and maintaining proper oversight and enforcement. A case of Mad Cow Disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy BSEin the United States led to a long and intense investigation that ultimately led to the destruction of animals suspected of being at-risk, but which ultimately tested negative for BSE.
USDA aid includes distributing price supports and other subsidies to farmers, inspecting food processed at agricultural facilities, working to expand overseas markets for U. Nutrition Food and Nutrition Service: The FNS provides access to food and improves the diets of needy Americans through nutrition education and food assistance programs.
The agency is responsible for the food stamp program, as well as programs that address the nutrition and feeding of women, children and infants, and food distribution. Through its distribution programs, the FNS is also able to subsidize the agricultural industry by purchasing and distributing surplus crops.
The agency often finds itself at the center of ideological battles that question the role of the state in dealing with poverty and welfare and interference in the economy. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion: The center develops and promotes dietary guidance linking scientific research to the nutrition needs of consumers.
The center publishes dietary guidelines every five years and the food pyramid. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans provides guidance on food and physical activity choices. In a move to make the graphic more relatable, the pyramid was changed to a plate with the release of the Dietary Guidelines.
APHIS is responsible for regulating genetically engineered organisms, administering the Animal Welfare Act and carrying out wildlife damage management activities. Food Safety and Inspection Service: FSIS uses scientifically based microbiological approaches to detect, research, and prevent food-borne hazards, including Salmonella, E.
FSIS laboratories also use data collection and reports, and risk assessments to guide risk-based inspection, which applies risk analysis principles to manage inspection programs.
The agency also works with intelligence and law enforcement agencies to strengthen surveillance systems to detect intentional contamination of meat and poultry products.
The USFS is responsible for managing public lands in national forests and grasslands. The agency maintains and cultivates these lands for public use and national interests through activities ranging from scientific research and development to firefighting, recreation maintenance, wilderness and wildlife protection, ecosystem management, and timber production.The Psychology of Security.
I just posted a long essay (pdf available here) on my website, exploring how psychology can help explain the difference between the feeling of security and the reality of security.. We make security trade-offs, large and small, every day.
We make them when we decide to lock our doors in the morning, when we choose our driving route, and when we decide whether we're. Energy Conservation 1 Mitigation Strategies and Solutions: Energy Conservation Katie Shuker Axia College of University of Phoenix Energy Conservation 2 Energy conservation is the practice of decreasing the quantity of energy used while achieving a similar outcome of end use.
This practice may result in increase human comfort, personal security, national security, environmental value, and financial capital. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
World energy consumption is the total energy used by the entire human regardbouddhiste.comlly measured per year, it involves all energy harnessed from every energy source applied towards humanity's endeavours across every single industrial and technological sector, across every country.
It does not include energy from food, and the extent to which direct biomass burning has been accounted for. Essay # 1. Introduction to Energy Conservation: Energy conservation refers to the methods of reduction in energy consumption by way of elimination of wastage and promotion of efficiency.
Artist Unknown, Spacehive by Jeff Sutton () First off, there are two broad classes of sensors: passive and active. Passive sensors just detect any emissions from the target, i.e., they passively look for the target.
Passive sensors include telescopes and heat sensors.