Just email me at gettenure gmail. This is a critical genre of writing for scholars in the humanities and social sciences. Mastering the paper abstract is one of the most important skills you can acquire while still a graduate student.
Monash University "What makes a great abstract? It should very concisely summarize the topic, how it fits into the broader literature, the contribution, the research strategy, the key findings, and the broader implications.
Two aspects come to mind: Content often is restricted to something like or even words, so there is little or no room to spare. You need to get things across quickly! Essentials are as follows: Subsequent sentences that convey the academic triangle of theorizing, method and data. What is your theoretical framework?
How will it be evaluated? What kind of data is involved? These questions should be answered in a basic way by the abstract of any research paper.
If the paper instead is a review essay, the question about method goes away, but the other two still should be answered. Outline consecutively, in one sentence each, the main sections of the paper.
Finish up with a final sentence that includes what you most want the reader to be thinking about as they move on to reading the paper. With respect to style, I suggest the institution of two tests once the abstract is written. It should be possible to read each sentence of the abstract aloud, comfortably, after taking just a single breath per sentence.
Here I mean that a reader of Time should be able to follow your abstract just as easily as a story in that magazine. In sum, a great abstract will be conveyed in a manner that is easy to follow and not off-putting.
The ideal abstract, from the point of view of panel planning, has three parts. A short example from what I am working on now: Morgenthau and the idea of the National Interest: The 'moral dignity' of the national interest was the concept M.
Recent scholarship has tended to emphasise the 'Germanness' of Morgenthau, and the continental influences upon him, particularly his differences with Schmidt. This paper argues, on the contrary, that there is no such notion in 'early Morgenthau, that it is not German anyhow, but essentially an American, or more accurately an Anglo-American idea; that Morgenthau developed it to participate in an American debate about appropriate responses to the Cold War, and that in developing it he explicitly drew on a British, not German or continental, diplomatic tradition, which he perhaps somewhat imaginatively united to what he tried to demonstrate, mostly successfully, was an embedded tradition in America with the founding fathers.
The implication for research on 'ideas in foreign policy' is that close attention should be paid not only to context but to text itself, and how ideas are expounded and developed. A great abstract is one that clearly identifies the grand challenge or opportunity explored in the paper and summarises the key insight that the paper will contribute to addressing this challenge or opening up the opportunity.
The abstract will also succinctly summarise what actual research the paper is based on — and suggest interesting questions or future ideas that others might examine further. First, many abstracts suffer from a lack of editing. They are often too long, poorly written, contain typos, etc. Second, they frequently include a mini-literature review.
Unless a paper is directly focused on a particular study extending or responding to itmaking it necessary to cite that study in the abstract, authors should avoid citations in abstracts. Third, they sometimes miss the forest for the trees.
Delving too far into the minutiae distracts the reader from the main point of the research. Its more effective to focus on the primary contribution of the paper and its implications, rather than walking the reader through the entire project.
Three types of mistakes can be identified: The first type of error is about timing, i.
Remember that referees see the abstract first when the paper is out under review as an article. If the abstract is unclear, the referee may be ill-disposed the rest of the way. So the abstract is worthy of real attention to get a potential referee in the right frame of mind.
A second kind of error concerns content, most notably, the presence of difficult terminology. There is no space in an abstract to explain complex and unfamiliar terms. Instead, aim to convey originality in a way that any reader can appreciate before neologisms or difficult points regarding methods appear in the body of the paper itself.Example abstracts Your thesis abstract is the first thing people read when looking for research papers.
It appears in search results and is the key to researchers finding out whether your paper fits their needs. How-To(sday): How to Write a Paper or Conference Proposal Abstract — 77 Comments LaurenMPD on March 16, at pm said: Having read several posts/articles on how to write a conference abstact, I found yours to be particularly helpful.
Helen Kara responds to our previously published guide to writing abstracts and elaborates specifically on the differences for conference abstracts. She offers tips for writing an enticing abstract for conference organisers and an engaging conference presentation.
Written grammar is different from spoken grammar. Jan 27, · Helen Kara responds to our previously published guide to writing abstracts and elaborates specifically on the differences for conference abstracts.
She offers tips for writing an enticing abstract for conference organisers and an engaging conference presentation. Written grammar is different from spoken grammar. Jul 12, · Today we look at the paper/conference proposal abstract. This is a critical genre of writing for scholars in the humanities and social sciences.
Usually between and words long, it is a short abstract that describes research/a talk/a journal article that you are GOING to write. Hard Science Abstracts The fellowship addressed the immediate need felt by our local government and the Hmong refugee community to develop a political voice expressing the economic, political, and social needs of the Hmong refugee community.
It was implemented through the collaboration of the United Refugee Services of Wisconsin, .