The Institutions of Foreign Policy Political Ideology A political ideology is a coherent set of views on politics and the role of the government.
Printer-friendly version Surveying the political scene in America, we are now witnessing the shattering of the last remnants of the American ideology that has maintained itself—despite strains—for almost 70 years. The ideas that justified the American economic and political system in the minds of most of our citizens throughout that long period came under stress during earlier storms—from the s to the s in particular—and a few beams and joists cracked but did not give way.
Today the manifold crises of capitalism mean that the entire existing intellectual structure of American capitalism is breaking up.
And because of the role that the U. The question then arises: American hegemony in the capitalist world, based on the destruction of Europe and Japan and the dangerous balance of the Cold War with the Soviet Union, made possible both a Pax Americana and economic prosperity in the United States.
At the same time, the American elite, the establishment that ruled and reasoned on behalf of the capitalist class, promoted a new explanation and rationale for the structure of American Models of political ideology in american society.
American politicians and government officials, the media and the churches, schools and universities, beginning in the late s and continuing through the s, created and propagated a set of interlocking and mutually reinforcing explanations, an ideological structure that came to be accepted by most Americans most of the time.
These ideas—fundamentally different from the Gilded Age ideology of or the Progressive Era ideology that was dominant roughly —constituted a genuine worldview.
The American ruling class constructed a set of ideas that not only justified its economic and political domination but one that also encompassed virtually every aspect of life, from the boardroom to the bedroom, from the factory floor to the football field, from the house of prayer to the counting house.
American capitalists believed themselves not only to be justified in ruling the United States but also vindicated in their attempts to impose their model of capitalism together with its particular conception of democracy upon the entire world.
America, they argued, with its unlimited natural resources, its free enterprise system, its profusion of products and the high standard of living they provided, its equal opportunity and religious toleration, its slow but steady progress toward full racial integration, and its opposition to totalitarianism, was the model not only for North America, but for everywhere.
After all, all the civilizations we know have been class societies based on oppression and exploitation, producing resistance and sometimes rebellion. Every society even in the most stable times has its dissidents. However, what makes an ideology successful is its ability to dominate the intellectual, cultural, and moral universe of a society for most people most of the time.
That was certainly true of the post-World War II American ideology until finally, in the s, when a host of economic and social forces blew the ideological framework apart. Today, ideas, facts, and opinions—ripped from their ideological mooring—blow through the social media and the popular consciousness like the debris scattered by a hurricane.
The Bernie Sanders campaign has not been responsible for shattering the old American ideology; that process began years before and peaked more recently with the Occupy Wall Street movement and then Black Lives Matter. By that light we see the wreckage not only of an ideology but of a social order.
What was the worldview of the capitalist class and its constellation of political and intellectual associates?
How did American capitalists and their political representatives see the world, and how did they explain it to others? America has achieved social harmony within a relatively egalitarian society in which distinct social classes no longer exist and therefore class struggle has also disappeared.
This was made possible by social mobility based in part on individual initiative and in part on meritocracy that enabled an individual to move from one social layer to another as defined by education and income—not production relations. In America everyone has an equal opportunity to succeed—and most do.
America represents a middle way in the philosophy of government between the dangerous extremes of Communism and Fascism.
American government is fundamentally democratic in character, not only because it is a representative republic, but also because of capitalist competition tempered by government regulation. The two-party system, organized respectively around conservative and liberal ideals, serves to incorporate all citizens in a uniquely stable political arrangement.
Above all, however, America is democratic because it is subject to pressure groups of all sorts, from business and labor to farmers and homeowners. See for example Robert A. Dahl, A Preface to Democratic Theory, A political ideology is a coherent set of views on politics and the role of the government.
Consistency over a wide range of issues is the hallmark of a political ideology. However, given the often contradictory variables that go into molding public opinion and political values (outlined in the. However, the universalistic political ideologies of different kinds, like the ideology of political Catholicism, Communism, Fascism, and Nazism has gradually moved to the centre of these semiospheres, especially since about the second quarter of .
Political ideology is a group’s basic belief about power, political values and the role of government. This belief comes from educational, economical, society and experiences.
For the purpose of this paper Conservative, Liberal and Radical ideologies will be discussed reviewing their . An ideology is literally a structured ideal, systematically created as follows: Premise: The basic concepts of the ideal state or objective of the ideology Correlatives: The working principles used to achieve the ideal Rules and laws: The requirements for conformity with the ideal Ideologies may be based on religious, social, political, or economic grounds.
A political ideology is a coherent set of views on politics and the role of the government.
Consistency over a wide range of issues is the hallmark of a political ideology. However, given the often contradictory variables that go into molding public opinion and political values (outlined in the.
Ideology: Ideology, a form of social or political philosophy in which practical elements are as prominent as theoretical ones. It is a system of ideas that aspires both to explain the world and to change it.
This article describes the nature, history, and significance of ideologies in terms of the.