Visit Website The Articles of Confederation gave Congress the power to govern foreign affairs, conduct war and regulate currency; however, in reality these powers were sharply limited because Congress had no authority to enforce its requests to the states for money or troops. Visit Website Did you know? George Washington was initially reluctant to attend the Constitutional Convention.
The colonists had felt betrayed by their "mother" country. Taxes, especially after the French-Indian War, became more numerous and punitive in nature. They had seen first hand the power wielded by a monarch and were dead set on not yielding to an oppressive government again.
The leaders of the new American nation were wary of creating a system of government reminiscent of what they had seen under the colonial rule of England. Under that backdrop, the first written plan of government was created.
The Articles of Confederation were designed to give a majority of power to the individual states instead of a central government. As a result, many problems quickly rose to the surface.
Without sufficient power in the central government, Congress was unable to pass any measures of importance. Actually getting a law passed required 9 of the 13 states to be in agreement. To complicate matters further, the Articles allowed for no executive branch to ensure new laws would be carried out.
Laws that were created would not be interpreted or upheld by a judicial branch, as that branch was non-existent as well. Correcting any problems in the document was next to impossible, as amending the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote.
Finances were a major problem under the Articles. Congress was given no power to collect tax and could only request money from the individual states.
Fear of being under the oppressive rule of a strong, central government drove early Americans to make a plan to govern themselves that had virtually no chance of success.
This period in American history is known as "The Critical Period," as the very existence of the nation was not a certainty as long as the Articles reigned. Eventually, the Articles would be scrapped and a new Constitution created. This new document would be the perfect compromise between federal power and state power and continues to serve to this day.The Articles of Confederation were put into effect in March of , just a few months before the victory at Yorktown.
The Articles linked the 13 states together to deal with common problems, but in practice they did little more than provide a legal basis for the limited authority that the Continental Congress was already exercising.
Chapter 7 History Test. STUDY. PLAY. What was America's single greatest contribution to political thought? The Constitution.
Why did the colonists create a weak confederation? Each colony was jealous of their own power. Which principle was most strongly supported by the Articles of Confederation?
Therefore, the Articles of Confederation failed and was replaced by a new constitution. Why did the Founding Fathers purposely create the Articles of Confederation to be a weak government?
They feared having another King George so .
The Articles of Confederation were an attempt to unify the colonies on the war front, appeal to european powers that may be interested in helping the United States all the while creating a government that left the states powerful and soverign. The Articles of Confederation of the United Colonies of New England May 19, The Articles of Confederation between the Plantations under the Government of the Massachusetts, the Plantations under the Government of New Plymouth, the Plantations under the Government of Connecticut, and the Government of New Haven with the .
Return to Creating the United States Constitution List Next Section: Convention and Ratification The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, , but the states did not ratify them until March 1, The Articles.