Truman ordered the bomb dropped on two Japanese cities. His decision created a controversy that is with us today.
They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. America had the bomb.
When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity. The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known.
American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight. American forces occupied Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against invasion.
A "mushroom" cloud rises over the city of Nagasaki on August 9,following the detonation of "Fat Man. For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life.
First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan. Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made. The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible.
Regardless, on August 6,a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Instantly, 70, Japanese citizens were vaporized.
In the months and years that followed, an additionalperished from burns and radiation sickness. Exploding directly over a city of , the bomb vaporized over 70, people instantly and caused fires over two miles away.
Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. On August 14,the Japanese surrendered.
Critics have charged that Truman's decision was a barbaric act that brought negative long-term consequences to the United States. A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race. Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary.
The American government was accused of racism on the grounds that such a device would never have been used against white civilians. On August 6, the city of Hiroshima, Japan remembers those who lost their lives when the atomic bomb fell. Thousands attend the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony annually.
Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives.World War II, the deadliest conflict in human history, with between 50 and 85 million fatalities, was finally over. What Did Harry S Truman Have to Say About His Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb?
At the time, the president seemed conflicted over his decision. Harry S. Truman (May 8, – December 26, ) was the 33rd President of the United States (–), taking office upon the death of Franklin D.
Roosevelt. A World War I veteran, he assumed the presidency during the waning months of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War. believing that only going by the brink of war could the United States protect its allies, discourage the communist aggression, and prevent war.
Duck and Cover Americans prepared for the possibility that the Soviet Union . President Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan in is arguably the most contentious issue in all of American history. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki have generated an acrimonious debate .
War had not been declared between these two nations before this attack but Americans felt that they had to take “their revenge” (Was Truman Justified in His Decision, Studded).
Then, the American president, Truman, dropped atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, two Japanese countries. In summer , President Truman focused on two choices to end the war with Japan: invade or use the atomic bomb. Truman ordered the bomb dropped on two Japanese cities. His decision created a controversy that is with us today.
On August 6, , the world changed forever.